Realizing the Water Security of the Nile River Basin States: Critical Analysis of Article 14(B) on the Water Security of the Nile River Basin Cooperative Framework Agreement 2010

This PhD thesis treats the Nile River water resources as shared water resources by the eleven basin Statesnamely, Tanzania, Burundi, Egypt, Democratic Republic of Congo, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Kenya, South Sudan, Rwanda, Sudan, and Uganda. These water resources are key and central to the livelihood of the basin‟s 247 million people.

Managing transnational water conflict in the Nile region: with reference to Lake Victoria, Kagera and the Nile Basins

Our area of study is the Nile region comprising of
ten countries: Kenya, Uganda, Tanzania,
Rwanda, Burundi, DR Congo, Sudan, Ethiopia, Eritrea
and Egypt. The main problem has been
the utilization and equitable distribution of the N
ile waters among these countries, leading to
many conflicts and tensions. For the last three de
cades various Nile Countries have come up with
different cooperative ventures to try and find solu
tions to these conflicts.
The main objective of this study therefore, is to f

The Nile Treaty – What Is At Stake?

The Nile River has been the source of life and of c
onflict in the Nile Basin for centuries.
The basin’s three million square kilometres cover a
bout 10 per cent of the African continent, shared
among 10 countries: Ethiopia, Sudan, Egypt, Rwanda,
Tanzania, Uganda, Burundi, Eritrea, Kenya and
Democratic Republic of the Congo. For centuries, Ni
le has been considered as a source of life by the
Egyptians. They depend on the Nile for everything.
For a long time, many Egyptians have stated that

Calming the waters: the East African community and conflict over the Nile resources

Control of the waters of the Nile Basin has long been contested among the ten African riparian states that sit within the wider catchment area. In colonial times, use of the Nile was regulated by treaties promulgated and supported under British rule. These agreements favoured Egyptian and, to a lesser extent, Sudanese primacy in controlling the great river. This situation began to be challenged in the 1960s with the end of colonial rule in the region, and these challenges have now again been renewed in recent years with the revival of the East African Community.

Determination of the Main Reservoir Hosts of West Nile Virus Among Wild Birds in Tana River County, Kenya

Re-emerging infectious diseases can cause serious health and economic effects in a society.
West Nile virus fever is a zoonotic arboviral infection maintained in nature within a cycle
between mosquito vectors and birds. This virus was first isolated in Uganda with subsequent
reports of epidemics globally. In order to establish effective monitoring and surveillance
measures, knowledge on the ecological and transmission patterns is necessary. This study
aimed at determining the main reservoir hosts of West Nile virus. Blood samples were

Track two diplomacy in environmental security in the Nile Basin

This study examines the role of track two diplomacy in environmental security in the Nile basin. It analyses the study under three themes namely; security, track two diplomacy, and environmental security in the Nile basin. The study used primary and secondary sources of information to collect data. Primary data was pursued under two categories, unpublished primary data and published primary data.

Conflict and Co-operation in shared natural resources: the case of the Nile Basin conflict

More than a quarter of all river basins in the world are shared. This has meant that states have to make adjustments to their interactions as the need for cooperation and accommodation of diverse interests crops up. This study explores the nature of international interactions with a focus on shared natural resources. The study gives an introduction to the international political system as well as the statement of the research which centres on what really is the end result of sharing of natural resource and does the sharing always end in conflict?

Transboundary resource utilization and its influence on interstate relations: the case of River Nile and Kenya-Egypt relations

This study examined the impact of the River Nile on the bilateral relations between Kenya and Egypt. It sought to address the following research questions: to what extent are the bilateral relations between Kenya and Egypt influenced by their access to and sharing. of the waters of the Nile? How viable are the existing mechanisms in facilitating equity of access to the waters by the two states? What does the commonality in the Nile portend for the future prospects of cooperation or conflict for Kenya and Egypt?

Oxygen consumption of eggs and hatchlings of the Nile crocodile (Crocodylus niloticus)

V̇O2 of Nile crocodile embryos was measur and for 10 days after hatching. Peak V̇O2 occurred when incubation was 87% completed. Thereafter,
College of Agriculture and Veterinary Sciences (CAVS) [5121]

Negotiation and conciliation as methods of resolving disputes over international watercourses; The case of the nile basin

"Internationally shared bodies of water create political, social and economic tensions and disputes concerning the distribution and use of resource management. Furthermore, when a resource base extends across a political border, misunderstanding or lack of agreements about allocation is more LIkely, in recent times the demands put on natural resources to sustain and improve development, have produced unprecedented problems for the human race. The growing competition for fresh water is one of the pressing problems.


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