Nutrient losses in eroded soil material from some Kenyan soils

Nutrient loss is one of the factors which causes productivity decline in soils when erosion occurs. This paper gives preliminary results on nutrient losses in eroded soil material in relation to original soil material of some commonly occurring soils in Kenya. Results showed that nutrient losses in eroded soil materials are quite high as indicated by the enrichment ratios of 1.0 for all the nine Kenyan soils studied. Soil conservation measures are recommended



Drug Use and Abuse

United States International University-Africa, Nairobi, Kenya. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the prevalence and pattern of substance use among an undergraduate population in a Kenyan university. DESIGN: Cross-sectional survey, cluster sampling of classrooms, self-administered questionnaires. SETTING: Private international university in Nairobi province, Kenya. PARTICIPANTS: Five hundred fifty eight undergraduate students of both sexes, age range 16-50 and mean age (S.E) of 21.1 +/- 0.2. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Self-reported use of psychoactive substances.

Gender vulnerability to climate variability and household food insecurity

Climate variability presents different challenges for men and for women in their efforts to ensure household food security. However, despite their central role, gender issues have received only cursory attention in adaptation studies. This article looks at causes of gender vulnerability to climate variability and household food insecurity in one sub-Saharan African country: Malawi. Data were collected through a household questionnaire survey, focus group discussions and key informants' interviews in Chikhwawa and Ntcheu districts, located in the southern and central areas of Malawi.

Challenges facing the implementation of differentiation strategy in the operations of the Mumias Sugar Company Limited

Many organizations today are focusing on becoming more competitive, by launching competitive strategies that give them an edge over others. To do this, they need to craft differentiation strategies (Micheal, E. Porter 1985). However, most sugar firms have not been able to formulate strategies required to gain competitive advantage. This calls for a strategic fit of an organization’s core competence levels, technology, leadership styles, markets, culture, people, and environmental influences, which is an emerging paradigm in the study of strategic thinking.

Diabetes and the eye

Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Epidemiology, 615 North Wolfe Street, W5010, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA. BACKGROUND: Squamous cell carcinoma of the conjunctiva is a rare, slow-growing tumour of the eye, normally affecting elderly men around 70 years of age. In Africa, however, the disease is different. The incidence is rising rapidly, affecting young persons (around 35 years off age), and usually affecting women. It is more aggressive, with a mean history of three months at presentation.

Ethnopharmacological practices in management of livestock helminthes by pastoral communities in the drylands of Uganda

A two stage sampling ethno-pharmacological study was carried out with agro-pastoralists in Nakasongola district involving two sub-counties namely; Nabiswera and Nakitoma. Participatory methods were used to establish a livestock disease inventory, ethno-diagnosis, medicinal plants used and implication for livestock-based livelihoods. Fourteen focus groups discussion comprising of 198 persons and 32 key informant interviews were conducted.

A study of collaborative arrangements among organizations implementing food security strategies in Kitui County

This study aimed at determining collaborative arrangements among organizations implementing food security strategies in Kitui County. A quantitative research design was used as the main approach to guide the study. The target population included all organizations implementing food security projects in Kitui County. A structured questionnaire was used in data collection from organizations. SPSS was used to analyze the data. The data was summarized into frequencies and percentages and presented in bar charts and tables and conclusions drawn.

A survey of credit card risk assessment practices in Kenya banks

Banks provide financial services to everyone, holds enormous potential to support economic activities and thus contribute to the development in an economy. Widespread experiences and research have particularly shown the importance of credit facilities for all the individuals and organizations. Credit systems have been developed in response to the needs of entrepreneurs who otherwise do not have access to finance. To be able to continue giving credit, borrowers from commercial bank offering credit products should repay as agreed and on time.

Rat Bite Fever - A Case Of A Kenyan.

Rat bite fever has not been reported from Kenya previously. A case of 17 year old Kenyan male who was diagnosed to have rat bite fever after a bite of domestic rat is described. The history, clinical features and demonstration of spirillum like organisms from a thick blood film suggest infection due to spirillum minus. The patient recovered completely after a course of penicillin and gentamicin.


Water and salt movement in salt affected soils in Kimorigo/Kamleza irrigation scheme Taveta, Kenya

Water and salt movement in a recharge- discharge area was studied. Njukini formed the recharge area while the discharge area was located in the Kimorigo/ Kamleza irrigation scheme. Relatioships were drawn between infiltration rates density, moisture. texture, organic KaRt, bulk antecedent and selected physical parameters namely; Vertical Kast, first and third horizons' horizontal KaRt, silt and antecedent moisture correlated positively with infiltration rates. Clay and sand fractions displayed a significant to very highly significant negative correlation with infiltration rates.


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