The influence of mobile money wallets on banking services among commercial banks in Kenya

The rapid rise in the growth of mobile technology throughout the world is a phenomenon that has been particularly remarkable among poor people, largely because of the prepaid model and ability to store and transfer cash. As a result, all classes of society now have access to financial services as people become increasingly familiar with a mobile-money bill payment system.

he trophic relations and habitat adaptability of livestock in the central part of Rendille land in Kenya

In arid and semi-arid areas animal production has been the most and, sometimes, the only productive use of the land. Most of northern Kenya is destined to remain rangeland due to the low and unpredictable rainfall. Camels (CameZ-us dromedax-i.ue ) , goats (CapY'a hi.rcue i , sheep (Ovis aries) and cattle (Bos i.ndioue ) are grazed on these rangelands. Studies were conducted to determine the abundance, quality, botanical composition and digestibility of the diets of these-herbivores in the central part of Rendille country in northern Kenya.

An analysis of water pollution and sustainable development: a case study of Nairobi river in Kenya, 1980-2007

This research is focusing on the Nairobi River on the themes of water pollution and sustainable development. From the study, it was realized that water was being polluted from three mam sources which are Municipal, industries, and agriculture. The Nairobi River has tributaries which are more polluted than the main stream. An example is Ngong River which is polluted with industrial affluent and sewer waste. At the river sources and upper catchment areas, pollution is mainly in form of agricultural waste.

Environmental degradation and pollution: let us reverse the trends

Degradation of land and ecosystem results in loss of productivity. The paper reviews impacts and possible trends of degradation and pollution with regard to land and ecosystems, water and sanitaion, soil waste, chemicals, and emissions.


Assessment of the sources and types of pollutants in Nairobi River

Studies on the various tributaries of Nairobi River and basin conducted in the 1990s showed evidence of high levels of chemical and organic pollution. Ngong, Mathare and Nairobi Rivers pass through high human settlement areas. As a result, these rivers have been heavily polluted resulting to loss of good water qualities and biodiversity. Raw sewage from informal settlements and discharge from industries are main polluters of Nairobi River. Other key sources are incidences of burst/blocked sewers and solid waste discarded into the river and excessive levels of heavy metals.

Financial resource mobilization strategies and internal efficiency of public secondary schools in Rachuonyo South Sub-county, Homabay county, Kenya.

Internal efficiency as a measure of school effectiveness is seen in terms of the flow of students in a school system and their performance at the end of an educational cycle. Financial resources are core to the implementation of any school programme. It is believed that internal efficiency is basically dependent on physical, monetary and human resources all of which can be expressed in monetary terms.

An Assessment of the Bacteriological Quality of Drinking Water from Boreholes and Domestic Tanks in Kikuyu Division of Kiambu District, Kenya

The microbiological quality of ground water (boreholes) and domestic tanks in five locations of Kikuyu Division, Kiambu District, was determined. Two boreholes and twelve domestic tanks were sampled from each location. Seven (70%) out of 10 boreholes were contaminated with faecal coliforms. Total bacterial counts ranged from 1 to 6280 per ml of water while the coliform counts ranged from 0 to 161. Out of 70 water samples screened for faecal coliforms, 63 (90%) were positive. Faecal Streptococci were isolated in 71% of the samples.

The detection of enteric viruses in selected urban and rural river water and sewage in Kenya, with special reference to rotaviruses

To determine the occurrence of eight human enteric viruses in surface water and sewage samples from different geographical areas in Kenya. Methods and Results:  Enteric viruses were recovered from the water and sewage sources by glass-wool adsorption elution and/or polyethylene glycol/NaCl precipitation and detected by singleplex real-time and conventional PCR and reverse transcriptase-PCR assays. One or more enteric viruses were detected in nearly all sewage and river water samples except the urban Mbagathi River.

Some problems of water quality degradation in the Nairobi river sub-basin

This paper examines problems of water quality degradation with a special focus on the different land uses in the sub-basins of the Nairobi River, namely the Kamiti, Ngong and Kasarani Rivers. A study was carried out within these sub-basins for 8 months between October 1990 and May 1991 which covered the distinctive dry and rainy seasons of the country. In general, the deterioration of water quality in the study rivers was related to riparian land use.

Faecal contamination of public water sources in informal settlements of Kisumu City, Western Kenya

High levels of environmental contamination, often associated with improper waste and excreta management, are widespread among informal settlements within urban areas in developing countries. We determined the level of faecal contamination in domestic water sources and evaluated the potential contribution of these water sources to intestinal helminthiases in seven informal settlements of Kisumu City, western Kenya. Membrane filtration technique was used for enumeration of total and faecal (Escherichia coli) coliform bacteria in water samples collected from dams, rivers, springs and wells.


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