Managing the Nile Politics: issues and perspectives

The study is about managing the Nile politics: issues and perspectives that are encompassed in five chapters which include the research proposal, an overview of issues and perspectives in managing the Nile politics, a critical analysis of these issues and perspectives, emerging issues and lastly the conclusion. The overall objective of the study is to critically analyze the issues and perspectives arising from the management of the Nile politics.

The constraints in implementing International Water Treaties: a case study of Nile Basin treaty of 1929

The River Nile is shared by 10 river basin countries also known as riparian states. It is the main vital water artery in the North Eastern region of Africa. The river is fed by several tributaries originating from downstream states which join to form the mighty Nile; the White Nile from the East Africa lake region and the Blue Nile rising from Ethiopia highlands, are the main tributaries.

Some pathological changes in Nile Tilapia and Nile Perch from Lake Victoria.

Gross and microscopic lesions especially those associated with pollutants were investigated in Nile tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus) and Nile perch (Lates niloticus) from Lake Victoria. A total of 104 live fish were bought from fishermen from Homa Bay and Suba districts. During post mortem examination, lesions observed were recorded; and kidney, gills, liver, spleen, heart, stomach, intestine and gonadal tissues taken and preserved in 10% buffered formalin for histological processing.

Occurrence of Trypanosoma in Nile Tilapia in Lake Victoria, Kenya.

Oreochromis niloticus (Nile tilapia) and Lates niloticus (Nile perch) are the most abundant species and economically important fish in Lake Victoria. The former are omnivores and the latter are carnivorous. The carrier status of haemoparasites in fish was investigated in 22 randomly selected fish specimens, 12 Oreochromis niloticus (Nile tilapia) and 10 Lates niloticus (Nile perch). Live fish were bought from Homabay on the shores of Lake Victoria in Kenya. All the fish were bled by cardiac puncture using a 22 gauge needle.

River Nile politics: the role of south Sudan

This study focused on River Nile Politics, a study of the role of South Sudan. The study relates to the emergence of a new state amongst existing riparian states and how this may resonate with trans-boundary conflicts. The independence of South Sudan has been revealed in this study to have a mixture of unanswered questions. The study is grounded on Collier-Hoeffer theory analysed the trans-boundary conflict based on the framework of many variable including: identities, economics, religion and social status in the Nile basin.

An assessment of livestock productivity in the Nile basin countries: a malmquist approach

As the global demand for livestock products continues to rise, questions arise
as to whether the productivity of the existing stock will match the growing
demand. Although the Nile basin countries hold the single largest livestock
population in the world, the productivity of these livestock has not been
documented. This study documented the state oflivestock productivity in five
Nile basin countries (Ethiopia, Kenya, Sudan, Tanzania and Uganda) using a
non-parametric Malmquist approach. Secondary data were obtained from

The impact of lack of an acceptable basin wide agreement on how to share the Nile waters.

Scarcity of freshwater in certain regions of the world has led to international conflict based upon competition for shared water. An example of such international cooperation over shared water is the Indus Waters Treaty, signed in 1960 by India and Pakistan. This is an international water treaty signed by two enemy states which has lasted through two Indo-Pakistani wars to the nuclear era, in 1998, in the Indian Subcontinent. The World Bank intervention was critical to the creation of the Treaty.

The shift from bilateral to multilateral regimes in the management of Nile Water Resources

This study critically examined the impact of regime shift from bilateral to multilateral in the management of Nile water resources. It contends that despite the cataloguing of ambitious projects and plans, the Nile states have yet to agree on the modalities of how to regulate resource sharing. The crux of the problem is that in spite of the lip-service paid to the importance oflocal participation and ecological sustainability, non-state authority is ignored and nature is seen as an object of exploitation.

Environmental diplomacy as a tool to enhance the prospects of human security in the Nile Basin initiative

The greatest threats to security for many people in the world today have a domestic connotation especially poverty, in equity of resources and other ~reats that transcend international borders. Identifying these new threats and other state and individual vulnerabilities and providing the skills and the resources to analyze and address them has become the central objective of efforts towards rethinking security.

Morphology and boifilm studies of the Intestines of the Nile Tilapia (Oreochromis Niloticus).

Tilapia, a warm fresh-water herbivorous fish, forms a major component of the species
used in tropical and subtropical aquaculture, mainly due to its fast growth, efficient use
of natural feeds, resistance to diseases, and tolerance to a variety of environmental
conditions.
The study investigated the morphology and mucus histochemistry of the intestines of
Nile tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus), the biofilm on the microvillar surface of the
intestines, and interaction of these biofilms with a microbe prevalent in tilapia habitats,

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